“ Staff get to know children well through regular observations and accurate assessments of what they can do. They effectively use this information to plan activities that are tailored to children's individual interests” Ofsted report 2016

The ethos of the Pre-school is to provide a wide range of play based learning experiences indoor and outdoor, focused on the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum. It is hoped that the Pre-school will help the children of the village and surrounding area to make the best possible start to their learning journey by building on the skills they already have and helping in the transition to school.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS)

The development of the Early Years Foundation Stage is a milestone in recognising and valuing our youngest children and the contribution made to their growth and development by the staff who work with them. It raises the status of work with this important age group and marks our commitment to providing a quality and effective service to children from two to five years of age.

The EYFS also brings out the importance of each child being able to develop at their own pace. It focuses on ensuring that each child has a member of staff allocated to them to ensure that they develop and take part in activities, mix with other children and have fun

The Framework takes as its focus The Child and steers away from subjects, specific areas of experience and distinct curriculum headings. It identifies four Principles which celebrate the skill and competence of babies and young children. It highlights the interrelation between growth, learning, development and the environment in which they are cared for and educated.

These four ‘Principles’ are :

A Unique Child

Positive Relationships 

Enabling Environments

Learning and Development

Parents are kept informed of the development of their child’s progress within the four principles the EYFS framework through regular dialogue with their child’s key person and also through their child's individual online Learning Journey (Tapestry).

To give you a basic understanding of the four principles, we have summarised the main points.Please take a look at if you are interested in more detailed information.

A Unique Child

At the Yaxley & Mellis Pre-School we focus on how children develop; we recognise they are all different, but should be treated equally. Positive relationships and good communication are vital. Children need to learn about risks and safety, how to make good choices and how to stick to boundaries. We make every attempt to provide a full opportunity for each child to do their best and we achieve this by ensuring their physical and emotional needs are met during their time at our setting.

Positive Relationships

The theme is about children learning to manage their feelings and build relationships. We respect all kinds of families and aim to develop a positive two-way relationship with parents. We will support, listen and work with the children at Yaxley & Mellis Pre-School to help them learn. We have a nominated key person for each child to ensure they have the opportunity of building a close relationship and are well monitored during their time with us.


Enabling Environments

We plan and check on each child’s progress and make every attempt to involve parents and the local community. We ensure that inside and outside spaces of the setting are safe, interesting and engaging. Our staff support children when they move on, working as a team to help children succeed.

Learning and Development

At Yaxley & Mellis Pre-School we focus on ensuring young children learn through play and exploration, 
with support for each individual. We encourage children to develop imagination, to get actively involved in learning and to make their own decisions. We make every attempt to develop children’s creative and critical thinking, balancing the need for both the children and staff to lead the learning.

Characteristics of Effective Learning

The Unique Child engages with other people and their environment through the Characteristics of Effective Learning; Playing and Exploring, Active Learning and Creating and Thinking Critically.

The characteristics of effective learning  underpin the learning and development across all the areas of the Early Years Foundation Stage to support the child to remain an effective and motivated learner.

Areas of Learning

The EYFS is made up of 3 Prime Areas and 4 Specific Areas.

The Prime areas begin to develop quickly in response to relationships and experiences, and run through to support learning and development in all other areas.

The Prime Areas are:

•Communication and Language

•Physical Development

•Personal, Social and Emotional Development

The Specific areas include essential skills and knowledge for children to participate successfully in society.

The 4 Specific areas are:



•Expressive Arts & Design

•Understanding the World

Please find further information regarding the Early Years Foundation Stage in our Early Years Foundation Stage Policy.



Find out more here: How we provide for development and learning